Egypt Guide



Name: Arab Republic of Egypt جمهوريه مصر العربية
Capital: Cairo Official Language: Arabic (English & French are widely understood)
Area: 1,001, 450 sq km Water: 6000 sq km
Calling Code: +20 Population: 76.5 million (2006)
Coast line: 2450 km Land Boundaries: 2665 km
Foreign population: 0.36% of the total population Population abroad: 3.9 million
Voltage: the voltage is always 220 in all tourist establishments. Population Density: 74 / km2
Public Holidays:
Prophet Mohamed's birthday
Coptic Christmas Day
Revolution Day January 25
Sham Elnesseim
Sinai Liberation Day
Labor Day
Iftar Feast
Revolution Day July 23
Arafat Day (public sector holiday)
Adha Feast
Armed Forces Day


  • Historically, Egypt is universally acknowledged as the world's most ancient state for its distinct 7,000-year-old record of civilization.
  • It is one of the oldest cultures and civilizations in the world and is the world's 38th largest country.
  • Having the only direct connection from the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea, Egypt is the most geo-strategically positioned country in the Middle East. It also includes the Sinai Peninsula (a land bridge to Asia).
  • Egypt covers an area of about 1,001,450 square kilometers. Its borders are Libya to the West, Sudan to the South, Gaza Strip & Israel to the East.
  • The Northern Coast borders the Mediterranean Sea. The Eastern Coast borders the Red Sea.
  • Egypt's Capital is Cairo, which has been a cross roads of regional commerce and culture for centuries, and its intellectual and Islamic institutions are the center of the region's social and cultural development.
  • Cairo is the largest city in Africa and the Middle East.
  • Egypt is divided into 26 governorates, (called Muhafazat in Arabic). These governorates are further divided into regions.
  • Each governorate has a capital.