China Guide

on .


• The People’s Republic of China is the third largest country in the world in terms of area and the largest in terms of population. Its total area is 9.6 million square kilometers

• The statistic shows the total population of China until 2014, with forecasts to 2020. In 2012, the Chinese population amounted to about 1.35 billion.

• China has shared borders for centuries with Korea, the former Soviet Union, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Burma, Laos and Vietnam.

• China contains 31 provincial-level divisions grouped by its former administrative areas from 1949 to 1952, which are now known as traditional regions.

• Location: East Asia, on the Western Shore of the Pacific Ocean

• Territory area:  9.6 million square km, second to Russia and Canada.

• The Capital city: Beijing

• Largest city: Shanghai

• National day: October 1, the country was founded in 1949.

• Voltage: Electric supply in China is 220 volts, 50 cycles AC.

• Climate:  winds prevail in winter, while southerly winds reign in summer.

• Language: “Chinese” or the “Sinitic language” can be considered a language family and is originally the indigenous language spoken by the Han Chinese in China. The standardized form of spoken Chinese is Standard Mandarin.

• Public holidays: New Year's Day (January 1), the Spring Festival (the New Year's Day by Chinese lunar calendar), International Labor Day (May 1), and the National Day (October 1).

• Exchange rate: 1.00 USD  = 6.21084 CNY

• Currency: Yuan (CNY), also referred to as the Renminbi (RMB)

• Gross domestic product (GDP): 10360.10 billion US dollars in 2014. The GDP value of China represents 16.71 percent of the world economy

• Fiscal Year: Calendar Year (01 Jan to 31 Dec)